New paper : Microsphere can narrow emission from a 2D material on a mirror

We have new paper appearing in Applied Physics Letters on how a dielectric microsphere placed on a 2D material deposited on a mirror can act as an optical antenna (see left panel for the schematic of the geometry and an optical image of the realized antenna).

The experimental and simulation efforts were mainly driven by our dynamic PhD student Shailendra Kumar Chaubey, who is very passionate about nanophotonics of 2D materials. He along with Sunny Tiwari and Diptabrata Paul explicitly show how experimental parameters such as sphere size and location of focusing can influence the photoluminescence emission from a WS2 monolayers. The experiments were mainly possible thanks to our collaboration with my colleague Atikur Rahman and his student Gokul, who continue to produce fantastic 2D materials for our nanophotonics study.

Interestingly, the emission from the WS2 monlayers can be as narrow as 4.6 degrees (see right side panel of the figure) which is one of the narrowest angular spread at room temperature. We also capture the energy-momentum photoluminescence spectra from WS2 monolayers, which is convoluted with the beautiful whispering gallery modes of the microsphere (see parts (a) and (d) of the figure).

We envisage such ’emission engineering’ using a simple microsphere can be further harnessed to control emission from quantum and nonlinear photonic 2D materials. Also, it raises new questions on how local photonic density of states can be tailored by altering the local environment around quantum emitters in solid state materials.

Arxiv version of the paper :

OAM + SAM -New paper from my lab

We have a new paper from our lab to appear in the journal : Laser & Photonics Reviews

on “Simultaneous detection of spin and orbital angular momentum of light through scattering from a single silver nanowire”

preprint version on arxiv :

Light can carry orbital angular momentum (OAM) and spin angular momentum (SAM). This momentum can be transferred to an object that is interacting with the light. What we show is the experimental proof of concomitant detection of OAM and SAM in the coherent light scattering signatures from a single, silver nanowire. Essentially, the nanowire acts like a slit, and scatters the light. During this scattering process, the distribution of light in momentum space gets altered according to the spin (polarization) and orbital (topological charge) state illuminating the nanowire.

A notable point is that unlike other (metamaterials) methods, this unambiguous detection scheme does not require sophisticated nanofabrication methods and is mainly founded on fundamental principles of vectorial light scattering in the momentum space.

This experimental work (with a good dose of theoretical optics) was mainly due to the sustained efforts of an outstanding PhD student in my lab : Diptabrata Paul (about to finish PhD !)

He had excellent support and inputs from our PhD alumni Deepak K Sharma (now a postdoc/research scientist at ASTAR, Singapore).

Going further, this study motivates some interesting questions, of which we are interested in exploring the direct transfer of OAM and SAM at sub-wavelength scale to nanoscale objects including (macro)molecules. This will have some interesting manifestation on optical forces and torques at sub-wavelength scale, and we intend to study them in detail. This can be studied in a unique set-up that we have built in our lab that combines nano-optical tweezers with momentum-space imaging microscope. Look out for some studies in this direction from our lab.

We will spend a lot time…in momentum space 🙂

Nanowire kink as an antenna for 2D material

A nanowire kink on a mirror can influence light scattering wavevectors and direct photoluminescence from a monolayer of a 2D material at sharp angles.

Shailendra, Sunny Tiwari , Asutosh from my group in collaboration with my colleague Atikur and his student Gokul show this unconventional nanowire antenna concept, experimentally.

The link to publication in European Physics Journal: Special Topics is above. This paper is part of a special issue on Photonic Materials

Arxiv link :